Invasions and occupations in East Central Europe (before 1921)
The warfare and hostilities in the Eastern and Balkan Fronts of the First World War challenged, almost immediately (beginning with early August 1914), the legal standards of territorial occupation as laid down by the Hague Convention. The chaotic course of sudden offensives and panic-stricken retreats, and the shock triggered by the unexpectedly huge toll, favoured the release of violence against civilians. Whether the civilians were alien or the army's 'own', did not matter much; the dividing line separated, mostly, the military and the civilians, regardless of their nationality. These developments, so shocking for the European public opinion, occurred – at least to some degree – as a resumption of conquest mechanisms that had been known to Europe (and beyond) for hundreds of years. Some of these mechanisms were, simply, the phenomena inseparably connected with any conflict. Some had a more determinable provenance – such as the contribution system, which first appeared in Eastern Europe during the Thirty Years' War.
While not negating the tragic dimension of war and occupation, the recent studies on social history of war have added to the catalogue of afflictions and calamities the aspect generically described as 'negotiation'. It has been emphasised that the relations with civilians were not always entirely asymmetrical. The picture has gained complexity owing to the establishment of modern occupation regimes, with the addition of the administrative structures – military, civil, or mixed – and their operations.
Acta Poloniae Historica invites the authors researching in this area to join our special issue on 'Invasions and occupations in East Central Europe (before 1921)', encompassing various forms of contact (violence, subjection/subordination, cooperation/collaboration) between the army and the civilians, as well as the occupiers' policies and economic exploitation. Please submit your essay, in English or in Polish (with a brief abstract appended), at the email address of our Editorial Board, by no later than November 15, 2015.
You are kindly requested to submit your essay at email@example.com.Electronic mailing is the preferred mode of sending suggestions for articles and, especially, the text of articles as such. Just attach a Word-formatted file with your article(s) to your emailed message. PDF-formatted files will not be accepted. Please be sure to attach your email address to the file. A single article text (in Polish or in English) ought not to exceed 75,000 characters (spaces incl.), inclusive of any footnotes, tables, and/or maps. An article proposed for publication in APH must be the author's original work, not published and not assigned for publication elsewhere (save for works published in Polish, in certain cases). In case an article comprises illustrations, maps, tables, or (a) section(s) of the text previously published, the author shall be obligated to obtain the consent from the copyright holder for publication with APH. All the texts approved for publication with APH are subject to editorial study and processing. Please carefully study the APH Editorial Guidelines before you send us the text of your article. Thank you!http://www.aph-ihpan.edu.pl/index.html
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