Edited volume

Jan C. Behrends, Martin Kohlrausch (ed.) (2014)

Races to Modernity. Metropolitan Aspirations in Eastern Europe, 1890–1940

Publishing house Central European University Press
Place of publication Budapest
Page references 380
Language English

ISBN: 978-963-386-035-9

The comparative presentation of the birth of metropolises like St. Petersburg, Helsinki, Kiev, Belgrade, or Athens confirms the importance of the Western model as well as the influence of international experts on city planning at the periphery of Europe. In addition, this volume presents an alternative perspective that aims to understand the genesis of Eastern European cities with a metropolitan character or metropolitan aspirations as a process sui generis.

The rapid expansion of metropolitan cities such as London and Paris began in the 17th and 18th centuries. Large parts of Central and Eastern Europe underwent urbanization and industrialization with considerable delay. Nevertheless beginning in the second half of the 19th century, the towns in the Romanov and Habsburg empires, as well as in the Balkans grew into cities and metropolitan areas. They changed at an astonishing pace. This transformation has long been interpreted as an attempt to overcome the economic and cultural backwardness of the region and to catch up to Western Europe.

CONTENTS

1. Races to Modernity: Metropolitan Aspirations in Eastern Europe, 1890-1940. An Introduction (Jan C. Behrends, Martin Kohlrausch), S. 1

THE SOCIAL AND THE NATIONAL QUESTION IN THE EASTERN METROPOLIS

2. Modernity as Mask: reality, Appearance, and Knowledge on the Petersburg Street (Mark D. Steinberg), S. 23

3. Modernist Visions and Mass Politics in Late Imperial Kiev (Faith Hillis), S. 49

4. Creating Polish Wilno, 1919-1939 (Theodore R. Weeks), S. 73

5. Modern Moscow: Russia's Metropolis and the State from Tsarism to Stalinism (Jan C. Behrends), S. 101

URBANISM GOES EAST: THE DEVELOPMENT OF CAPITALS, INFRASTRUCTURE; AND PLANNING

6. Athens, 1890-1940: Transitory Modernism and National Realities (Eleni Bastéa), S. 127

7. Between Rivalry, Irrationality, and Resistance: The Modernization of Belgrade, 1890-1914 (Dubravka Stojanović), S. 153

8. Architectural Praxis in Sofia: The Changing Perception of Oriental Urbanity and European Urbanism, 1879-1940 (Elitza Stanoeva), S. 179

9. Warszawa Funkcjonalna: Radical Urbanism and the International Discourse on Planning in the Interwar Period (Martin Kohlrausch), S. 205

OSTMODERNE? EAST EUROPEAN MODERNISM

10. Capital Modernism in the Baltic Republics: Kaunas, Tallinn, and Riga (Stefen A. Mansbach), S. 235

11. Imperial and National Helsinki: Shaping an Eastern or Western Capital City? (Laura Kolbe), S. 267

12. Modernizing Zagreb: The Freedom of the Periphery (Eve Blau), S. 289

5. Bibliography
6. List of Contributors

380 pages (incl. maps, tables and figures–12 black and white illustrations), cloth
ISBN 978-963-386-035-9
$60.00 / €45.00 / £ 38.00

  • Architektonisch-urbanistische Praxis, Symbolpolitik und Modernediskurs

    Reviewed by Friedrich Cain