The Globalization of Hate: Internationalizing Hate Crime? is the first book to examine the impact of globalization on our understanding of hate speech and hate crime. Bringing together internationally acclaimed scholars with researchers, policy makers and practitioners from across the world, it critically scrutinises the concept of hate crime as a global phenomenon, seeking to examine whether hate crime can, or should, be conceptualised within an international framework and, if so, how this might be achieved.
Beginning with the global dynamics of hate, the contributions analyse whether hate crime can be defined globally, whether universal principles can be applied to the phenomenon, how hatred is spread, and how it impacts upon our global society. The middle portion of the book moves beyond the broader questions of globalisation to jurisdictional examples of how globalization impacts upon our understanding of, and also our responses to, hate crime. The chapters explore in greater detail what is happening around the world and how the international concepts of hate crime are being operationalised locally, drawing out the themes of globalization and internationalization that are relevant to hate crime, as evidenced by a number of jurisdictions from Europe, the US, Asia, and Africa. The final part of the book concludes with an examination of the different ways in which hate speech and hate crime is being combatted globally. International law, internet regulation and the use of restorative practices are evaluated as methods of addressing hate-based conflict, with the discussions drawn from existing frameworks as well as exploring normative standards for future international efforts.
Taken together, these innovative and insightful contributions offer a timely investigation into the effects of hate crime, offering an interdisciplinary approach to tackling what is now a global issue. It will be of interest to scholars and students of criminology, sociology and criminal justice, as well as criminal justice practitioners, police officers and policy makers.
Table of Contents
Part 1: The Global Dimensions of Hate Crime
1: Defining Hate Crime Internationally: Issues and Conundrums, Jon Garland and Corinne Funnell
2: Conceptualising Hatred Globally: Is Hate Crime a Human Rights Violation?, Thomas Brudholm
3: Hate Crime Concepts and Their Moral Foundations: A Universal Framework?, David Brax
4: White Pride Worldwide: Constructing Global Identities Online, Barbara Perry and Ryan Scrivens
5: Global Terrorism Events and Ensuing Hate Incidents, Kathryn Benier
6: How 'Hate' Hurts Globally, Paul Iganski and Abe Sweiry
Part 2: Global Issues, National Experiences
7: Covered in Stigma? Exploring the Impacts of Islamophobic Hate Crime on Veiled Muslim Women Globally, Irene Zempi
8: Hate crime in Transitional Societies: The Case of South Africa, Duncan Breen, Ingrid Lynch, Juan Nel, and Iole Matthews
9: The Problematisation of Hate Crime Legislation in Turkey: The Re-emergence of Legitimate Victims, Bengi Bezirgan
10: Internationalising Hate Crime and the Problem of the Intractable State: The Case of Ireland, Amanda Haynes and Jennifer Schweppe
11: Do Some Identities Deserve More Protection Than Others? The Case of Anti-LGBT Hate Crime Laws in Poland, Piotr Godzisz and Dorota Pudzianowska
12: Policing Hate Crime: Transferable Strategies for Improving Service Provision to Victims and Communities Internationally, Paul Giannasi and Nathan Hall
Part 3: International Responses to Hate Crime
13: National Monitoring of Hate Crime in Europe: The Case for a European Level Policy, Michael Whine
14: The European Court of Human Rights and Discriminatory Violence Complaints from Minority Groups, Jasmina Ma?ki?
15: How Should We Legislate Against Hate Speech? Finding an International Model in a Globalised World, Viera Pejchal and Kimberley Brayson
16: Regulating Hate Crime in the Digital Age, Chara Bakalis
17: State-sponsored Hatred and Persecution on the Grounds of Sexual Orientation: The Role of International Criminal Law, Ruby Axelson
18: Challenging Orthodoxy: Towards a Restorative Approach to Combating the Globalisation of Hate, Mark Austin Walters
Conclusion: Towards an International Response to Hate Crime, Jennifer Schweppe and Mark Austin Walters
(From publisher's website)