Terrorism seems to be almost omnipresent in the media these days. Given this ubiquity, it is hardly surprising that there also has been a surge of scholarly interest into the phenomenon. Topics of research not only include the comparatively recent phenomenon of Islamist terrorism, but also the history of terrorism since the 19th century. In the last couple of years, numerous studies have been published on the origins of terrorism, the uses of terrorist methods of combat among national liberation movements and the history of left-wing terrorism since the 19th century. Among all the different forms of terrorism, however, right-wing terrorism has received least attention, both in terrorism studies in general and in historiography in particular.
The planned conference will focus on the origins of right-wing terrorism in Western and Eastern Europe in the 19th and early 20th century. We aim to shed new light on the connections between the emergence of right-wing extremist ideologies and politically motivated acts of violence. The focus lies on the history of right-wing violence in the Russian Empire in the context of the Revolution of 1905 and in Western and Eastern Europe in the interwar period. Not only the ideology and motivations of the assassins will be examined, but also the supportive environment of the assassins – including sympathizers in the political and social elites –, the reaction of the press as well as the responses of the political and general public.